Periodontitis – inflammation of the gums

Periodontitis – this is also generally known as gum disease. However, no one knows what phenomenon is really behind this. Periodontitis is a chronic illness of the entire periodontal apparatus caused by bacteria. This means that, at an advanced stage, not only the gums but also the jaw bone progressively recedes.

Periodontitis – a cycle

Due to chronic inflammation between the tooth and bed of the tooth, gingival pockets emerge in the course of time. Bacteria is embedded in these and this further advances the periodontitis – the teeth become loose and finally fall out. However, periodontitis often causes no pain as the inflammation process of the gums frequently occurs in the body completely entirely without pain.

The symptoms

The warning signs for an inflammation of the gums are bleeding gums – for example when using dental floss for cleaning – bad breath or loosening of the teeth. In the final stage, an inflammation of the gums also affects the body’s own defence system so that periodontitis can make you more susceptible for other illnesses. Whoever wants to remain in perfect health and doesn’t feel like having dentures has to give their teeth the necessary consideration and care.

Causes for periodontitis

It has in the meanwhile been scientifically established that the tendency to get periodontitis can be inherited – and this is often true in cases where the entire immune system has a tendency towards increased vulnerability to inflammation. Other risk factors are smoking, consumption of alcohol, high stress, diabetes and hormonal changes, for example, during the menopause or in the course of pregnancy.

Treatment of periodontitis

Of course it is sensible and advisable to promote prevention at this point, especially regular professional tooth cleaning through the Bärenklau dental practice team. Especially at the early stage, but also in the course of targeted therapy, periodontitis can be kept under control well. Therapy aims at stopping the loss processes. Treatments with rinses or bacterial elimination using the Airflow air abrasion device are indicated as is medical professional cleaning of bone or gingival pockets that have emerged, and this includes, among other things, the removal of tartar underneath the gums – so-called concrements. If the gingival pockets are already larger than about 5 to 6 mm, a surgical procedure may be required. In order to avoid this, we will be glad to provide you with information during a consultation at the Bärenklau dental practice in Munich.